Cannabis 101

If you’re new to using medical cannabis, or just have general questions about how marijuana use can affect you, we’re here to help! Our staff is trained to provide support and guidance to all patients, whether you experimented with cannabis in your youth, have been a lifelong user, or have never considered it.

Below are answers to some of the most commonly asked questions we receive at the dispensary. If your question has not been answered below, visit the store or contact us and we’d be happy to assist you.

Will cannabis help with my pain?

There is no guarantee that medical cannabis will help ease your pain, but it has proven to have strong anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, and pain-relieving effects. The state of Arizona has authorized it’s use for cancer, glaucoma, HIV, AIDS, hepatitis C, ALS, Crohn’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, nausea, seizures and spasms, and chronic pain. If you suffer from one of these conditions, medical marijuana may be for you.

How do I consume marijuana?

There are many methods of consumption for medical marijuana, and each can have varying results, including the length of time to take effect and the length of effectiveness. Methods of consumption can include smoking, vaporizing, using concentrates or tinctures, and eating infused edibles. Depending on the method of consumption, tobacco paper, smoking pipes, water pipes, or vaporizers may be necessary paraphernalia.

  • Smoking – the most traditional method of consumption. Dried flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant are placed in a pipe, rolled into a cigarette, or smoked through a water pipe. This method is rapid and effective at delivery, but has the potential to cause lung cancer/burning of the throat.
  • Vaporizing – allows individuals to separate cannabinoids from plant matter without inhaling smoke. Vaporizers are a healthier alternative to smoking because it diminishes the potential for lung cancer. Vaporizers may take a few minutes for the individual to feel the full effect of the product, so caution should be used. Vaporizers can be more expensive than other methods of consumption.
  • Edibles – include infused-food products, such as cookies, brownies, and candy, as well as butter, oil, honey, and tinctures. Edibles may have a longer effect than smoking or vaporizing, but may take up to an hour to become effective. Due to this, caution should be exercised when consuming edibles.

Are there different types of marijuana?

The two most common types of medical marijuana are Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica. All strains are potent, but sativa and indica varieties can produce different benefits and effects for each patient. Most medical marijuana strains available today are hybrids – crosses of sativa and indica varieties.

Which is better: sativa or indica?

Neither sativa nor indica is better than the other, but both have different benefits and patients may have varied responses to both types. The efficacy of cannabis is directly related to strain selection. Care should be taken when selecting strains that will benefit you.


Physically, sativa cannabis plants are tall and thin, with narrow leaves, typically lighter green in color. Originally from Colombia, Mexico, Thailand, and Southeast Asia, these plants grow quickly and can reach heights of twenty feet, and take 10-16 weeks to mature after flowering has begun. The “high” a person experiences when smoking a sativa strain is cerebral, energetic, and social. This is commonly referred to as a “head buzz.” Due to these characteristics, sativas are generally better for daytime use.

Sativas are typically higher in THC, and has a lower CBD percentage. Common sativa strains include Green Crack, Colombian Gold, Jamaican Dream, Sourlope, and others.

Common Benefits:

  • Reduces nausea
  • Stimulates the appetite
  • Fights depression
  • Relieves headaches and migraines
  • Relaxes muscles and relieves pain
  • Acts as an expectorant


Physically, indica cannabis plants are short and dense, with broad leaves, typically darker green in color. Originally from Afganistan, Morocco, and Tibet, these plants take 6-8 weeks to mature after flowering has begun. The “high” a person experiences when smoking an indica strain is relaxed, laid-back, and even lethargic. This is commonly referred to as a “body buzz.” Due to these characteristics, indicas are generally better for evening/bedtime use.

Indica are typically lower in THC, but have higher CBD percentages. Common indica strains include White Indica, Blueberry, Northern Lights, Blue Northern, and others.

Common Benefits:

  • Reduces nausea
  • Stimulates the appetite
  • Relieves headaches and migraines
  • Relaxes muscles and relieves pain
  • Acts as an expectorant
  • Aids sleep

What is the difference between THC and CBD?

Cannabinoids are active chemical compounds that are only found in cannabis. These cannabinoids interact with receptors in the human body to induce effects in the brain and nervous system.

Tetrahydrocannabinol, commonly known as THC, is the most well-known and abundant cannabinoid in marijuana. THC is responsible for the psychoactive effect of cannabis, and stimulates the release of dopamine in the brain, which creates a sense of euphoria. THC also has an analgesic effect, and can relieve pain and inflammation.

Cannabidol, commonly known as CBD, is the next most abundant cannabinoid in marijuana. CBD is non-psychoactive, and is widely recognized for having many medicinal uses, including pain relief, spasm and seizure relief, and arthritis relief. It has also been found to have anti-cancer properties.

All marijuana strains have some amount of THC and CBD, though many strains have much more THC than CBD. Take a look at our menu or contact us to find out which strain or product may be right for your needs.

What are the primary side effects of cannabis?

Like all medicines, medical cannabis may have certain side effects. Cannabis affects everyone differently, but some people may experience one or more of the following side effects:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dry Mouth or Thirst
  • Giddiness
  • Hunger
  • Insomnia
  • Red Eyes
  • Respiratory Issues
  • Short-Term Memory Loss
  • Uneasiness or Anxiety